E Numbers

E numbers are number codes for food additives and are usually found on food labels throughout the European Union. The “E” stands for “Europe” or “European Union”. Normally each food additive is assigned a unique number, though occasionally, related additives are given an extension (“a”, “b”, or “i”, “ii”) to another E-number. The numbering scheme follows that of the International Numbering System (INS) as determined by the Codex Alimentarius committee though only a subset of the INS additives is approved for use in the European Union. These E-Numbers are universally adopted by the food industry worldwide.

The Commission of the European Union assigns e-numbers after the additive is cleared by the Scientific Committee on Food (SCF), the body responsible for the safety evaluation of food additives in the European Union. The convention for assigning E-numbers is:

100-199     food colors
200-299     preservatives
300-399     antioxidants, phosphates, and complexing agents
400-499     thickeners, gelling agents, phosphates, humectants, emulsifiers
500-599     salts and related compounds
600-699     flavor enhancers
700-899     not used for food additives (used for feed additives)
900-999     surface coating agents, gases, sweeteners
1000-1399  miscellaneous additive
1400-1499 starch derivatives

E-numbers are only used for substances added directly to food products, so contaminants, enzymes and processing aids, which may be classified as additives in the USA, are not included in the E-number system.

There is an EU directive on food labeling which requires food additives to be listed in the product ingredients whenever they are added for technological purposes. This includes coloring, sweetening and favor enhancement as well as for preservation, thickening, emulsifying and the like. Ingredients must be listed in descending order of weight, which means that are generally found close to the end of the list of ingredients. However, substances used in the protection of plants and plant products, flavorings and substances added as nutrients (e.g., minerals, trace elements or vitamins) do not need to be included in the ingredient list. Because of this, some substances that are regulated as food additives in other countries may be exempt from the food additive definition in the EU.

Additives which are ALWAYS of animal origin, such as (HARAAM):

  • E120 Cochineal : a red colour obtained from female insects
  • E441 Gelatine : derived from the bones and/ or hides of cattle and/ or pigs
  • E542 Edible Bone Phosphate : an extract from animal bones
  • E904 Shellac : a resin from the lac insectWhilst some additives with a common code such as E47, can be either of animal or plant origin and this latter type needs to be investigated on a case-by-case basis per product/ manufacturer.

The main additives you need to be aware of are:

  • Glycerol / Glycerin / Glycerine (E422) – haraam if obtained from pork or non-halal meat sources.
  • Emulsifiers (E470 to E483) – haraam if obtained from pork or non-halal sources.
  • Edible Bone Phosphate (E542) – haraam if obtained from pork or non-halal meat sources.

Classification by numeric rang

E number range Subranges Description
100–199 (full list)
Colours
100–109 yellows
110–119 oranges
120–129 reds
130–139 blues & violets
140–149 greens
150–159 browns & blacks
160–199 gold and others
200–299 (full list)
Preservatives
200–209 sorbates
210–219 benzoates
220–229 sulphites
230–239 phenols & formates (methanoates)
240–259 nitrates
260–269 acetates (ethanoates)
270–279 lactates
280–289 propionates (propanoates)
290–299 others
300–399 (full list)
Antioxidants & acidity regulators
300–305 ascorbates (vitamin C)
306–309 Tocopherol (vitamin E)
310–319 gallates & erythorbates
320–329 lactates
330–339 citrates & tartrates
340–349 phosphates
350–359 malates & adipates
360–369 succinates & fumarates
370–399 others
400–499 (full list)
Thickeners, stabilisers & emulsifiers
400–409 alginates
410–419 natural gums
420–429 other natural agents
430–439 polyoxyethene compounds
440–449 natural emulsifiers
450–459 phosphates
460–469 cellulose compounds
470–489 fatty acids & compounds
490–499 others
500–599 (full list)
pH regulators & anti-caking agents
500–509 mineral acids & bases
510–519 chlorides & sulphates
520–529 sulphates & hydroxides
530–549 alkali metal compounds
550–559 silicates
570–579 stearates & gluconates
580–599 others
600–699 (full list)
Flavour enhancers
620–629 glutamates & guanylates
630–639 inosinates
640–649 others
700–799 (full list)
Antibiotics
700–713
900–999 (full list)
Miscellaneous
900–909 waxes
910–919 synthetic glazes
920–929 improving agents
930–949 packaging gases
950–969 sweeteners
990–999 foaming agents
1100–1599 (full list)
Additional chemicals
1100–1599 New chemicals that do not fall into standard classification schemes

NB: Not all examples of a class fall into the given numeric range. Moreover, many chemicals, particularly in the E400–499 range, have a variety of purposes.

Full list

The list shows all components that have or had an E-number assigned. Not all additives listed are still allowed in the EU, but are listed as they used to have an E-number. For an overview of currently allowed additives see here.

E100–E199 (colours)

Code Name(s) Colour  
E100 Curcumin (from turmeric) Yellow-orange Halal: if pure grind turmeric powder or granular.

Mushbooh: if used as liquid, the solvents has to be Halal.

Haraam: if hidden ingredient is pork fat based emulsifier in dry mix.

E101 Riboflavin (Vitamin B2), formerly called lactoflavin Yellow-orange Mushbooh

Halal: if 100% plant material

Haraam : if from pork liver & Kidney,

 

E102 Tartrazine (FD&C Yellow 5) Lemon yellow Halal: if used as 100% dry color. Mushbooh: if used as liquid color, the solvent has to be Halal
E103 Alkannin Red-brown  

MUSHBOOH

E104 Quinoline Yellow WS Dull or greenish yellow Hala: if used as 100% dry color. Mushbooh: if used as liquid color, the solvent other than water has to be Halal
E110 Sunset Yellow FCF (Orange Yellow S, FD&C Yellow 6) Yellow-orange Halal: if used as 100% dry color. Mushbooh: if used as liquid color, the solvent has to be Halal
E120 Cochineal, Carminic acid, Carmine (Natural Red 4) Crimson Haraam: according to Hanafi Fiqqah
E122 Carmoisine (azorubine) Red to maroon Halal: if used as 100% dry color. Mushbooh: if used as liquid color, the solvent has to be Halal
E123 Amaranth (FD&C Red 2) Dark red Halal : if used as 100% dry color. Mushbooh: if used as liquid color, the solvent has to be Halal
E124 Ponceau 4R (Cochineal Red A, Brilliant Scarlet 4R) Red Halal: if used as 100% dry color. Mushbooh: if used as liquid color, the solvent has to be Halal
E127 Erythrosine (FD&C Red 3) Red Halal: if used as 100% dry color. Mushbooh: if used as liquid color, the solvent has to be Halal
E131 Patent Blue V Dark blue Halal: if used as 100% dry color. Mushbooh: if used as liquid color, the solvent has to be Halal
E132 Indigo carmine (indigotine, FD&C Blue 2) Indigo Halal: if use as is as a 100% synthetic color.

Haraam: if pork glycerin is added as a solvent then it is

E140 Chlorophylls and Chlorophyllins: (i) Chlorophylls (ii) Chlorophyllins Green Halal: if use 100% powder or Halal if water or vegetable oil was used as a solvent
E141 Copper complexes of chlorophylls and chlorophyllins (i) Copper complexes of chlorophylls (ii) Copper complexes of chlorophyllins Green Halal: if use 100% powder or Halal if water or vegetable oil was used as a solvent
E142 Green S Green Halal: if used as 100% dry color. Mushbooh: if used as liquid color, the solvent has to be Halal
E150a Plain caramel Brown Halal
E150b Caustic sulphite caramel Brown Halal
E150c Ammonia caramel Brown Halal
E150d Sulphite ammonia caramel Brown Halal
E151 Black PN, Brilliant Black BN Black Halal: if used as 100% dry color. Mushbooh: if used as liquid color, the solvent has to be Halal
E153 Vegetable carbon Black Halal: if used as 100% dry color. Mushbooh if used as liquid color, the solvent has to be Halal
E160a Alpha-carotene, Beta-carotene, Gamma-carotene Yellow-orange to brown Halal: if used as 100% dry color. Mushbooh if used as liquid color, the solvent has to be Halal
E160b Annatto, bixin, norbixin Orange Halal
E160c Paprika oleoresin, Capsanthin, capsorubin Red Halal: if used as 100% dry color. Mushbooh: if used as liquid color, the solvent has to be Halal
E160d Lycopene Bright to deep red Halal: if used as 100% dry color. Mushbooh if used as liquid color, the solvent has to be Halal
E160e Beta-apo-8′-carotenal (C 30) Orange-red to yellow Halal: if used as 100% dry powder or granular or Halal if vegetable oil is used as a solvent in liquid form as a hidden ingredient.

Haraam: if pork gelatin is used as hidden ingredient or carrier

E160f Ethyl ester of beta-apo-8′-carotenic acid (C 30) Orange-red to yellow Halal: if used as 100% dry powder or granular or Halal if vegetable oil is used as a solvent in liquid form as a hidden ingredient.

Haraam: if pork gelatin is used as hidden ingredient or carrier

E161a Flavoxanthin Golden-yellow and brownish Halal: if used as 100% dry color. Mushbooh: if used as liquid color, the solvent has to be Halal
E161b Lutein Orange-red to yellow Halal: if used as 100% dry powder or granular.

Haraam: if pork gelatin or pork glycerin is added in dry or liquid form

E161c Cryptoxanthin Orange-red Halal: if used as 100% dry color. Mushbooh: if used as liquid color, the solvent has to be Halal
E161d Rubixanthin Orange-red Halal: if used as 100% dry color. Mushbooh: if used as liquid color, the solvent has to be Halal
E161e Violaxanthin Orange Halal: if used as 100% dry color. Mushbooh: if used as liquid color, the solvent has to be Halal
E161f Rhodoxanthin Purple Halal: if used as 100% dry color. Mushbooh: if used as liquid color, the solvent has to be Halal
E161g Canthaxanthin Violet Halal: if used as 100% dry color. Mushbooh: if used as liquid color, the solvent has to be Halal
E162 Beetroot Red, Betanin Red Halal: if used as 100% dry color. Mushbooh: if used as liquid color, the solvent has to be Halal
E163 Anthocyanins pH dependent (Red, green and purple ranges) Halal: if used as 100% dry color. Mushbooh: if used as liquid color, the solvent has to be Halal
E170 Calcium carbonate, Chalk White

(Inorganic)

Halal: if obtained from rock mineral and used as 100% dry powder or granular.

Mushbooh: if used as liquid, solvent has to be Halal

E171 Titanium dioxide White

(Inorganic)

Halal
E172 Iron oxides and iron hydroxides Brown

(Inorganic)

Halal
E173 Aluminium Silver to grey ( Inorganic) Halal
E174 Silver Silver

(Inorganic)

Halal
E175 Gold Gold

(inorganic)

Halal
E180 Pigment Rubine, Lithol Rubine BK Red

(Inorganic)

Halal: if used as 100% dry color. Mushbooh: if used as liquid color, the solvent has to be Halal

 E200–E299 (preservatives)

Code Name(s) Purpose  
E200 Sorbic acid preservative Halal
E201 Sodium sorbate preservative Halal
E202 Potassium sorbate preservative Halal
E203 Calcium sorbate preservative Halal
E210 Benzoic acid preservative Halal
E211 Sodium benzoate preservative Halal
E212 Potassium benzoate preservative Halal
E213 Calcium benzoate preservative Halal: if calcium obtained from mineral,

Mushbooh: if it is obtained from bones.

E214 Ethylparaben (ethyl para-hydroxybenzoate) preservative Halal: if used as 100% dry powder or granular.

Haraam: if alcohol is used as a solvent

E215 Sodium ethyl para-hydroxybenzoate preservative Halal: if used as 100% dry powder or granular. Haraam if alcohol is used as a solvent
E216 Propylparaben (propyl para-hydroxybenzoate) preservative Halal: if used as 100% dry powder or granular.

Haraam: if alcohol is used as a solvent

E217 Sodium propyl para-hydroxybenzoate preservative Halal: if used as 100% dry powder or granular.

Haraam: if alcohol is used as a solvent

E218 Methylparaben (methyl para-hydroxybenzoate) preservative Halal: if used as 100% dry powder or granular.

Haraam: if alcohol is used as a solvent

E219 Sodium methyl para-hydroxybenzoate preservative Halal: if used as 100% dry powder or granular.

Haraam: if alcohol is used as a solvent

E220 Sulphur dioxide preservative  Halal
E221 Sodium sulphite preservative  Halal
E222 Sodium bisulphite (sodium hydrogen sulphite) preservative  Halal
E223 Sodium metabisulphite preservative  Halal
E224 Potassium metabisulphite preservative  Halal
E226 Calcium sulphite preservative  Halal
E227 Calcium hydrogen sulphite (preservative) firming agent Halal: if calcium is obtained from mineral or chemicals.

Mushbooh: if it is obtained from bones.

E228 Potassium hydrogen sulphite preservative
E230 Biphenyl, diphenyl preservative Halal: if no alcohol is used as a solvent
E231 Orthophenyl phenol preservative Halal: if no alcohol is used as a solvent
E232 Sodium orthophenyl phenol preservative Halal: if no alcohol is used as a solvent
E233 Thiabendazole preservative Halal: if no alcohol is used as a solvent
E239 Hexamine (hexamethylene tetramine) preservative Halal
E249 Potassium nitrite preservative Halal
E250 Sodium nitrite preservative  Halal
E251 Sodium nitrate (Chile saltpeter) preservative  Halal
E252 Potassium nitrate (Saltpetre) preservative Halal
E260 Acetic acid (preservative) acidity regulator Halal
E261 Potassium acetate (preservative) acidity regulator Halal
E262 Sodium acetates (i) Sodium acetate (ii) Sodium diacetate(sodium hydrogen acetate) preservative, acidity regulator Halal
E263 Calcium acetate (preservative) acidity regulator Halal
E270 Lactic acid (preservative) antioxidant Halal: if obtained other than whey. In USA it is always from non dairy source.
E280 Propionic acid preservative Halal
E281 Sodium propionate preservative Halal
E282 Calcium propionate preservative Halal: if calcium obtained from mineral,

Mushbooh: if it obtained from bones

E283 Potassium propionate preservative Halal
E290 Carbon dioxide acidity regulator Halal

 E300–E399 (antioxidants, acidity regulators)

Code Name(s) Purpose  
E300 Ascorbic acid (Vitamin C) antioxidant Halal
E301 Sodium ascorbate antioxidant  Halal
E302 Calcium ascorbate antioxidant Halal: if the calcium source is from mineral,

Mushbooh: if it is from bones

E304 Fatty acid esters of ascorbic acid (Ascorbyl palmitate) antioxidant Halal: if saturated  fatty acid Palmitic acid is obtained from plant.

Haraam: if palmitic acid is obtained from pork fat

E306 Tocopherols (Vitamin E, natural) antioxidant Halal: If Tocopherol is obtained from plant fat.

Haraam: if Tocopherol is obtained from pork fat

E307 Alpha-tocopherol (synthetic) antioxidant Halal: only if it is made with all Halal synthetic material without alcoholic fermentation synthetic method
E308 Gamma-tocopherol (synthetic) antioxidant Halal: only if it is made with all Halal synthetic material without alcoholic fermentation synthetic method
E309 Delta-tocopherol (synthetic) antioxidant Halal: only if it is made with all Halal synthetic material without alcoholic fermentation synthetic method
E310 Propyl gallate antioxidant Halal
E311 Octyl gallate antioxidant Halal: if obtained from nutgalls or plant secretion
E312 Dodecyl gallate antioxidant Halal: if obtained from nutgalls or plant secretion.

Haraam: if alcohol was used as solvent

E320 Butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) antioxidant Halal: if only vegetable oil is used as a carrier.

Haraam: if the carrier is from pork fat. It is not available as pure 100% chemical.

E321 Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) antioxidant Halal: if only vegetable oil is used as a carrier.

Haraam: if the carrier is from pork fat. It is not available as pure 100% chemical.

E322 Lecithin emulsifier Halal: if obtained from soy fat or egg yolk in Europe. It is Halal in USA because it is always obtained from soy fat.
E325 Sodium lactate acidity regulator  Halal: if the lactic acid from non dairy source
E326 Potassium lactate (antioxidant) acidity regulator Halal: if the lactic acid from non dairy source
E327 Calcium lactate acidity regulator Halal: if the lactic acid from non dairy source and calcium from mineral
E330 Citric acid acid, acidity regulator Halal
E331 Sodium citrates (i) Monosodium citrate (ii) Disodium citrate (iii)Sodium citrate (trisodium citrate) acidity regulator Halal
E332 Potassium citrates (i) Monopotassium citrate (ii) Potassium citrate (tripotassium citrate) acidity regulator  Halal
E333 Calcium citrates (i) Monocalcium citrate (ii) Dicalcium citrate (iii)Calcium citrate (tricalcium citrate) acidity regulator, firming agent,sequestrant Halal: if calcium source is not from bones
E334 Tartaric acid (L(+)-) (acid) Halal: if it is not obtained from wine by-product, in USA it is Halal because it is obtained from un-fermented grapes.
E335 Sodium tartrates (i) Monosodium tartrate (ii), Disodium tartrate acidity regulator Halal: if it is not obtained from wine by-product, in USA it is Halal because it is obtained from un-fermented grapes.
E336 Potassium tartrates (i) Monopotassium tartrate (cream of tartar) (ii) Dipotassium tartrate acidity regulator Halal: if it is not obtained from wine by-product, in USA it is Halal because it is obtained from un-fermented grapes.
E337 Sodium potassium tartrate acidity regulator Halal: if it is not obtained from wine by-product, in USA it is Halal because it is obtained from un-fermented grapes.
E338 Orthophosphoric acid acid Halal
E339 Sodium phosphates (i) Monosodium phosphate (ii) Disodium phosphate (iii) Trisodium phosphate antioxidant Halal
E340 Potassium phosphates (i) Monopotassium phosphate (ii)Dipotassium phosphate (iii) Tripotassium phosphate antioxidant Halal
E341 Calcium phosphates (i) Monocalcium phosphate (ii) Dicalcium phosphate (iii) Tricalcium phosphate anti-caking agent, firming agent Halal: if calcium from mineral source

 E400–E499 (thickeners, stabilizers, emulsifiers)

Code Name(s) Purpose  
E400 Alginic acid (thickener) (stabiliser) (gelling agent) emulsifier Halal
E401 Sodium alginate (thickener) (stabiliser) (gelling agent) emulsifier Halal
E402 Potassium alginate (thickener) (stabiliser) (gelling agent) emulsifier Halal
E403 Ammonium alginate (thickener) (stabiliser) emulsifier Halal
E404 Calcium alginate (thickener) (stabiliser) (gelling agent) emulsifier Halal: if calcium source is from mineral
E405 Propane-1,2-diol alginate (Propylene glycol alginate) (thickener) (stabiliser) emulsifier  Halal
E406 Agar (thickener) (gelling agent) stabiliser  Halal
E407 Carrageenan (thickener) (stabiliser) (gelling agent) emulsifier  Halal
E410 Locust bean gum (Carob gum) (thickener) (stabiliser) (gelling agent) emulsifier Halal
E412 Guar gum (thickener) stabiliser Halal
E413 Tragacanth (thickener) (stabiliser) emulsifier Halal.
E414 Acacia gum (gum arabic) (thickener) (stabiliser) emulsifier Halal
E415 Xanthan gum (thickener) stabiliser Halal
E420 Sorbitol (i) Sorbitol (ii) Sorbitol syrup (emulsifier) (sweetener) humectant Halal
E421 Mannitol (anti-caking agent) sweetener  Halal
E422 Glycerol (emulsifier) sweetener Mushbooh: called Glycerin in USA, Halal: if it is from plant fat, Haraam: if it is from pork fat
E440

(a & b)

Pectins (i) pectin (ii) amidated pectin emulsifier Halal
E450

A, b & c

Sodium and Potassium Phosphates and Polyphosphates emulsifier Halal

 

E460 Cellulose (i) Microcrystalline cellulose (ii) Powdered cellulose emulsifier Halal
E461 Methyl cellulose emulsifier Halal
E462 Ethyl cellulose emulsifier
E463 Hydroxypropyl cellulose emulsifier Halal
E464 Hypromellose (hydroxypropyl methylcellulose) emulsifier Halal
E465 Ethyl methyl cellulose emulsifier Halal
E466 Carboxymethyl cellulose, Sodium carboxymethyl cellulose emulsifier Halal
E470a Sodium, potassium and calcium salts of fatty acids (emulsifier) anti-caking agent Mushbooh

Halal: if it is from plant fat, Haraam: if it is from pork fat

E471 Mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids (glyceryl monostearate, glyceryl distearate) emulsifier Mushbooh: Halal if it is from plant fat,

Haraam: if it is from pork fat

E472a Acetic acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids emulsifier Mushbooh

Halal: if it is from plant fat, Haraam: if it is from pork fat

E473 Sucrose esters of fatty acids emulsifier Mushbooh

Halal: if it is from plant fat, Haraam: if it is from pork fat

E474 Sucroglycerides emulsifier Mushbooh: Halal if it is from plant fat,

Haraam: if it is from pork fat

E475 Polyglycerol esters of fatty acids emulsifier Mushbooh

Halal: if it is from plant fat, Haraam: if it is from pork fat

E477 Propane-1,2-diol esters of fatty acids, propylene glycol esters of fatty acids emulsifier Mushbooh

Halal: if it is from plant fat, Haraam: if it is from pork fat

E481 Sodium stearoyl-2-lactylate emulsifier Mushbooh

Halal: if it is from plant fat, Haraam: if it is from pork fat

E482 Calcium stearoyl-2-lactylate emulsifier Mushbooh

Halal: if it is from plant fat, Haraam: if it is from pork fat

E483 Stearyl tartrate emulsifier Mushbooh

Halal: if it is from plant fat, Haraam: if it is from pork fat

FOOD INGREDIENTS NUMBERS WITH NO E-PREFIX:

Number Name DESCRIPTION HALAL STATUS
107 Yellow 2G Colors Halal if used as 100% dry color. Mushbooh if used as liquid color, the solvent has to be Halal
128 Red 2G Colors Halal if used as 100% dry color. Mushbooh if used as liquid color, the solvent has to be Halal
133 Brilliant Blue FCF Colors Halal if used as 100% dry color. Mushbooh if used as liquid color, the solvent has to be Halal
154 Brown FK Colors Halal if used as 100% dry color. Mushbooh if used as liquid color, the solvent has to be Halal
155 Brown HT Colors Halal if used as 100% dry color. Mushbooh if used as liquid color, the solvent has to be Halal
234 Nisin Preservative – other Halal
262 Sodium Acetate Miscellaneous – Acids and their Salts  Halal
296 Malic Acid Miscellaneous – Acids and their Salts  Halal
297 Fumaric Acid Miscellaneous – Acids and their Salts  Halal
350 Sodium Malate Miscellaneous – Salts of Malic Acid  Halal
351 Potassium Malate Miscellaneous – Salts of Malic Acid  Halal
352 Calcium Malate Miscellaneous – Salts of Malic Acid  Halal
353 Metataric Acid Miscellaneous – Salts of Malic Acid  Halal
355 Adipic Acid Miscellaneous – Salts of Malic Acid  Halal
363 Succinic Acid Miscellaneous – Salts of Malic Acid  Halal
370 1,4-Heptonolactane Miscellaneous – Salts of Malic Acid  Halal
375 Nicotinic Acid Miscellaneous – Salts of Malic Acid  Halal
380 Triammonium Citrate Miscellaneous – Salts of Malic Acid  Halal
381 Ammonium Ferric Citrate Miscellaneous – Salts of Malic Acid  Halal
385 Calcium Disodium EDTA Miscellaneous – Salts of Malic Acid  Halal
416 Karaya Gum Emulsifiers and Stabilizers  Halal
430 Polyoxyethane (8) Stearate Emulsifiers and Stabilizers – Fatty Acid derivatives Halal if it is 100% from plant fat, Haraam if it is from pork fat
431 Polyoxyethane (40) Stearate Emulsifiers and Stabilizers – Fatty Acid derivatives Halal if it is 100% from plant fat, Haraam if it is from pork fat
432 Polyoxyethane (20) Sorbitan / Polysorbate 20 Emulsifiers and Stabilizers – Fatty Acid derivatives Halal if it is 100% from plant fat, Haraam if it is from pork fat
433 Polyoxyethane (20) Sorbitan Mono-oleate / Polysorbate 80 Emulsifiers and Stabilizers – Fatty Acid derivatives Halal if it is 100% from plant fat, Haraam if it is from pork fat
434 Polyoxyethane (20) Sorbitan Monopalmitate / Polysorbate 40 Emulsifiers and Stabilizers – Fatty Acid derivatives Halal if it is 100% from plant fat, Haraam if it is from pork fat
435 Polyoxyethane (20) Sorbitan Monostearate / Polysorbate 60 Emulsifiers and Stabilizers – Fatty Acid derivatives Halal if it is 100% from plant fat, Haraam if it is from pork fat
436 Polyoxyethane (20) Sorbitan Tristearate / Polysorbate 65 Emulsifiers and Stabilizers – Fatty Acid derivatives Halal if it is 100% from plant fat, Haraam if it is from pork fat
476 Polyglycerol Esters of Polycondensed Esters of Caster Oil Emulsifiers and Stabilizers – salts or Esters of Fatty Acids Halal if it is 100% from plant fat, Haraam if it is from pork fat
478 Lactylated Fatty Acid Esters of Glycerol and Propane-1,2-Diol Emulsifiers and Stabilizers – salts or Esters of Fatty Acids Halal if it is 100% from plant fat, Haraam if it is from pork fat
491 Sorbitan Monostearate Emulsifiers and Stabilizers – salts or Esters of Fatty Acids Halal if it is 100% from plant fat, Haraam if it is from pork fat
492 Sorbitan Tristearate Emulsifiers and Stabilizers – salts or Esters of Fatty Acids Halal if it is 100% from plant fat, Haraam if it is from pork fat
493 Sorbitan Monolaurate Emulsifiers and Stabilizers – salts or Esters of Fatty Acids Halal if it is 100% from plant fat, Haraam if it is from pork fat
494 Sorbitan Mono-oleate Emulsifiers and Stabilizers – salts or Esters of Fatty Acids Halal if it is 100% from plant fat, Haraam if it is from pork fat
495 Sorbitan Monopalmitate Emulsifiers and Stabilizers – salts or Esters of Fatty Acids Halal if it is 100% from plant fat, Haraam if it is from pork fat
500 Sodium Carbonate / Sodium Bicarbonate Miscellaneous – Acids and Salts: Carbonates  Halal
501 Potassium Carbonate / Potassium Bicarbonate Miscellaneous – Acids and Salts: Carbonates  Halal
503 Ammonium Carbonate Miscellaneous – Acids and Salts: Carbonates  Halal
504 Magnesium Carbonate Miscellaneous – Acids and Salts: Carbonates  Halal
507 Hydrochloric Acid Miscellaneous – Acids and Salts: Hydrochloric Acid and its Salts  Halal
508 Potassium Chloride Miscellaneous – Acids and Salts: Hydrochloric Acid and its Salts  Halal
509 Calcium Chloride Miscellaneous – Acids and Salts: Hydrochloric Acid and its Salts  Halal
510 Ammonium Chloride Miscellaneous – Acids and Salts: Hydrochloric Acid and its Salts  Halal
513 Sulphuric Acid Miscellaneous – Acids and Salts: Sulphuric Acid and its Salts  Halal
514 Sodium Sulphate Miscellaneous – Acids and Salts: Sulphuric Acid and its Salts  Halal
515 Potassium Sulphate Miscellaneous – Acids and Salts: Sulphuric Acid and its Salts  Halal
516 Calcium Sulphate Miscellaneous – Acids and Salts: Sulphuric Acid and its Salts  Halal
518 Magnesium Sulphate Miscellaneous – Acids and Salts: Sulphuric Acid and its Salts  Halal
524 Sodium Hydroxide Miscellaneous – Alkalis  Halal
525 Potassium Hydroxide Miscellaneous – Alkalis  Halal
526 Calcium Hydroxide Miscellaneous – Alkalis  Halal
527 Ammonium Hydroxide Miscellaneous – Alkalis  Halal
528 Magnesium Hydroxide Miscellaneous – Alkalis  Halal
529 Calcium Oxide Miscellaneous – Alkalis  Halal
530 Magnesium Oxide Miscellaneous – Alkalis  Halal
535 Sodium Ferrocyanide Miscellaneous – other Salts  Halal
536 Potassium Ferrocyanide Miscellaneous – other Salts  Halal
540 Dicalcium Ferrocyanide Miscellaneous – other Salts  Halal
541 Sodium Aluminium Phosphate Miscellaneous – other Salts  Halal
542 Edible Bone Phosphate (Bone-Meal) Miscellaneous – Anti-Caking Agents Haraam if the bones from pig
544 Calcium Polyphosphates Miscellaneous – Anti-Caking Agents Mushbooh, Halal if it is from minerals, Haraam if it is from pig bones
545 Ammonium Polyphosphates Miscellaneous – Anti-Caking Agents  Halal
551 Silicon Dioxide (Silica Salt) Miscellaneous – Silicon Salts  Halal
552 Calcium Silicate Miscellaneous – Silicon Salts  Halal
553 Magnesium Silicate / Magnesium Trisilicate (Talc) Miscellaneous – Silicon Salts  Halal
554 Aluminium Sodium Silicate Miscellaneous – Silicon Salts  Halal
556 Aluminium Calcium Silicate Miscellaneous – Silicon Salts Mushbooh, Halal if calcium from mineral rocks, Haraam if calcium from pig bones
558 Bentonite Miscellaneous – other compounds  Halal
559 Kaolin (Aluminium Silicate) Miscellaneous – other compounds  Halal
570 Stearic Acid Miscellaneous – other compounds Mushbooh, Halal if the source is from plant fat, Haraam if it is from pork fat
572 Magnesium Stearate Miscellaneous – other compounds Mushbooh, Halal if the source is from plant fat, Haraam if it is from pork fat
575 Glucono Delta-Lactone Miscellaneous – other compounds  Halal
576 Sodium Gluconate Miscellaneous – other compounds  Halal
577 Potassium Gluconate Miscellaneous – other compounds  Halal
578 Calcium Gluconate Miscellaneous – other compounds  Halal
620 L-Glutamic Acid Miscellaneous – Flavour Enhancers Mushbooh, Halal if it is from plant protein, Haraam if it is from pig protein
621 Monosodium Glutamate (MSG) Miscellaneous – Flavour Enhancers Mushbooh, Halal if all ingredients including culture media to grow culture from Halal source, Haraam if media is from pork fat
622 Monopotassium Glutamate Miscellaneous – Flavour Enhancers Mushbooh, Halal if all ingredients including culture media to grow culture from Halal source, Haraam if media is from pork fat
623 Calcium Glutamate Miscellaneous – Flavour Enhancers Mushbooh, Halal if all ingredients including culture media to grow culture from Halal source, Haraam if media is from pork fat
627 Sodium Guanylate Miscellaneous – Flavour Enhancers Halal if it is obtained from sardines or baker’s yeast extract. Mushbooh if it is made from brewer yeast extract, a by-product of beer making
631 Sodium Inosinate Miscellaneous – Flavour Enhancers Halal if it is obtained from sardines. Mushbooh if it is made from brewer yeast extract, a by-product of beer making. Haraam if it is extracted from pig meat.
635 Sodium5-Ribonucleotide Miscellaneous – Flavour Enhancers Mushbooh, it is a combination of E N 627 and EN 631
636 Maltol Miscellaneous – Flavour Enhancers  Halal
637 Ethyl Maltol Miscellaneous – Flavour Enhancers  Halal
900 Dimethylpolysiloxane Miscellaneous – Flavour Enhancers  Halal
901 Beeswax Miscellaneous – Glazing Agents  Halal
903 Carnauba Wax Miscellaneous – Glazing Agents  Halal
904 Shellac Miscellaneous – Glazing Agents Halal if no if it is not treated with alcohol, two types of shellac is available, the Halal type  is not treated with alcohol but other type is treated with alcohol. A gummy secretion material from the pores of a insect Coccus lacca that feed on Palas trees in India and South Asia. This gummy material is called Lac. Manufactured by Indian companies.
905 Mineral Hydrocarbons Miscellaneous – Glazing Agents  Halal
907 Refined Microcrystalline Wax Miscellaneous – Glazing Agents Mushbooh, Halal if obtained from plant fat wax. Haraam if it is obtained from pork fat wax
920 L-Cysteine Hydrochloride Miscellaneous – Compounds used to treat Flour Mushbooh, Haraam if it is obtained from human hair, Halal if it is made from Halal synthetic material. The third source is from chicken/duck feathers. There is difference of opinions among different Islamic scholars. One school of ulema says it is Halal the other says not Halal.
924 Potassium Bromate Miscellaneous – Compounds used to treat Flour  Halal
925 Chlorine Miscellaneous – Compounds used to treat Flour  Halal
926 Chlorine Dioxide Miscellaneous – Compounds used to treat Flour  Halal
927 Azodicarbonamide Miscellaneous – Compounds used to treat Flour  Halal